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Detection of Hammondia heydorni DNA in feces collected in and around an Ohio Wildlife Conservation Center

Sinnott, D., Moreno Torres, K., Wolfe, B., Garabed, R., Marsh, A.E.
Veterinary Parasitology: Regional Studies and Reports 2016 v.6 pp. 31-34
Canidae, DNA, Hammondia heydorni, feces, hosts, melting curve analysis, oocysts, parasites, polymerase chain reaction, wildlife, Ohio
This study aimed to identify DNA attributed to Hammondia heydorni oocysts in the feces of wild canids in and around an Ohio wildlife conservation center. Two hundred and eighty-five wild canid fecal samples were analyzed using PCR with melting curve analysis to detect coccidian DNA. Coccidia-positive samples were further subjected to H. heydorni-specific and N. caninum-specific PCR assays. Samples positive by the H. heydorni-specific assay were additionally analyzed with a PCR assay to distinguish H. heydorni from Hammondia triffittae. Coccidian DNA was detected in 51 of the 285 (17.9%) wildlife samples. H. heydorni DNA was detected in three of the coccidia-positive wildlife samples (1.1%) and N. caninum was detected in none. Determining the presence of H. heydorni in wild canids will contribute to a greater understanding of the role these hosts play in the ecology of this parasite.