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Intrauterine exosomes are required for bovine conceptus implantation

Kusama, Kazuya, Nakamura, Keigo, Bai, Rulan, Nagaoka, Kentaro, Sakurai, Toshihiro, Imakawa, Kazuhiko
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2018 v.495 no.1 pp. 1370-1375
cattle, conceptus, endometrium, epithelial cells, exosomes, gene expression regulation, genes, pregnancy, protein synthesis, proteins
Exosomes, extracellular vesicles, are present in uterine flushing fluids (UFs), which are involved in conceptus-endometrial interactions during peri-implantation periods. Despite several studies on intrauterine exosomes conducted, the roles conceptus and endometrial exosomes play during peri-implantation periods have not been well characterized. To investigate the effect of bovine intrauterine exosomes on conceptus implantation, exosomes isolated from bovine UFs during peri-implantation periods were subjected to global protein analysis. The analysis detected 596 exosomal proteins, including ruminants' pregnancy recognition factor IFNT, and 172 differentially expressed proteins with more than 1.5-fold changes in UFs on days 17, 20 and 22 pregnancy (day of conceptus implantation is initiated on days 19–19.5). Treatment of primary bovine endometrial epithelial cells with exosomes from day 17 UFs up-regulated the expression of apoptosis-related genes, and treatment with exosomes from day 20 and 22 UFs up-regulated the expression of adhesion molecule. Based on these findings, intrauterine exosomes should be considered as an essential constituent for successful implantation.