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Effects of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/CCN2) on condylar chondrocyte proliferation, migration, maturation, differentiation and signalling pathway

Xing, Xin, Li, Zhi, Yu, Zili, Cheng, Gu, Li, Dianqi, Li, Zubing
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2018 v.495 no.1 pp. 1447-1453
bone formation, cartilage, chondrocytes, chondrogenesis, extracellular matrix, proteoglycans, signal transduction
CCN2, also known as connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), is a 38 kDa cysteine-rich extracellular matrix protein that regulates a sequence of cellular functions and participates in multiple complex biological processes, such as chondrogenesis and osteogenesis. In the present study, we provided the first evidence describing the physiological role of CCN2 in condylar chondrocyte proliferation, migration, maturation and differentiation. CCN2 was widely expressed throughout the whole layers of condylar cartilage and predominantly distributed in the proliferative zone. Recombinant CCN2 promoted the proliferation, migration, proteoglycan synthesis and differentiation capacity of isolated condylar chondrocytes. The stimulatory effect of CCN2 on chondrocyte proliferation was associated with the activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt signalling pathway. The blocking of this pathway by its inhibitor LY294002 impaired the proliferative effect of CCN2 on chondrocytes. These results suggested a novel physiological role of CCN2 in the development of condylar cartilage.