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Effects of amino acid substitutions on the biological activity of anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody produced by transgenic silkworms (Bombyx mori)
- Aoyama, Michihiko, Tada, Minoru, Tatematsu, Ken-Ichiro, Hashii, Noritaka, Sezutsu, Hideki, Ishii-Watabe, Akiko
- Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2018 v.503 no.4 pp. 2633-2638
- Bombyx mori, Chinese hamsters, amino acid substitution, animal ovaries, cytotoxicity, galactose, monoclonal antibodies, neoplasms, silkworms, therapeutics, transgenic insects
- Recombinant monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) have been used in various therapeutic applications including cancer therapy. Fc-mediated effector functions play a pivotal role in the tumor-killing activities of some tumor-targeting mAbs, and Fc-engineering technologies with glyco-engineering or amino acid substitutions at the antibody Fc region have been used to enhance cytotoxic activities including antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC). We previously reported that the mAbs produced using transgenic silkworms showed stronger ADCC activity and lower complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) activity than mAbs derived from Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells due to their unique N-glycan structure (lack of core-fucose and non-reducing terminal galactose). In this study, we generated anti-CD20 mAbs with amino acid substitutions using transgenic silkworms and analyzed their biological activities to assess the effect of the combination of glyco-engineering and amino acid substitutions on the Fc-mediated function of mAbs. Three types of amino acid substitutions at the Fc region (G236A/S239D/I332E, L234A/L235A, and K326W/E333S) modified the Fc-mediated biological activities of silkworm-derived mAbs as in the case of CHO-derived mAbs, resulting in the generation of Fc-engineered mAbs with characteristic Fc-mediated functions. The combination of amino acid substitutions at the Fc region and glyco-engineering using transgenic silkworm made it possible to generate Fc-engineered mAbs with suitable Fc-mediated biological functions depending on the pharmacological mechanism of their actions. Transgenic silkworms were shown to be a promising system for the production of Fc-engineered mAbs.