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Molecular Characterization of Salmonella Paratyphi B dT plus and Salmonella Heidelberg from Poultry and Retail Chicken Meat in Colombia by Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis

Donado-Godoy, Pilar, Byrne, Barbara A., Hume, Michael, Leon, Maribel, Perez-Gutierrez, Enrique, Flores, Martha J. Vives, Clavijo, Viviana, Holguin, Angela, Romero-Zuniga, Juan J., Castellanos, Ricardo, Tafur, McAllister, Smith, Woutrina A.
Journal of food protection 2015 v.78 no.4 pp. 802-807
DNA fingerprinting, Salmonella Heidelberg, Salmonella Paratyphi B, chicken meat, farms, genetic relationships, genotype, humans, molecular biology, monitoring, pathogens, poultry, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, serotypes, state government, Colombia
Salmonella Paratyphi B dT+ variant (also termed Salmonella Java) and Salmonella Heidelberg are pathogens of public health importance that are frequently isolated from poultry. As a step toward implementing the Colombian Integrated Program for Antimicrobial Resistant Surveillance, this study characterized molecular patterns of Salmonella Paratyphi B dT+ and Salmonella Heidelberg isolated from poultry farms, fecal samples, and retail chicken meat using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). The objective of this study was to determine the genetic relationship among isolates and to determine potential geographically predominant genotypes. Based on PFGE analysis, both serovars exhibited high heterogeneity: the chromosomal DNA fingerprints of 82 Salmonella Paratyphi B dT+ isolates revealed 42 PFGE patterns, whereas the 21 isolates of Salmonella Heidelberg revealed 10 patterns. Similar genotypes of both serovars were demonstrated to be present on farms and in retail outlets. For Salmonella Paratyphi B dT+, closely genetically related strains were found among isolates coming from different farms and different integrated poultry companies within two departments (Santander and Cundinamarca) and also from farms located in the two geographically distant departments. For Salmonella Heidelberg, there were fewer farms with genetically related isolates than for Salmonella Paratyphi B dT+. A possible dissemination of similar genotypes of both serovars along the poultry production chain is hypothesized, and some facilitating factors existing in Colombia are reviewed.