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An investigation into electrochemical properties of poly(ether sulfone)/poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) heterogeneous cation-exchange membranes by using design of experiment method

Mofrad, Amir Ehsanian, Moheb, Ahmad, Masigol, Mohammadali, Sadeghi, Morteza, Radmanesh, Farzaneh
Journal of colloid and interface science 2018 v.532 pp. 546-556
cation exchange resins, dimethylformamide, electrochemistry, experimental design, ion-exchange membranes, membrane potential, moieties, permeability, polyvinylpyrrolidone, solvents, temperature, ultrasonics
Poly(ether sulfone) (PES)/poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP) blend heterogeneous cation exchange membranes were prepared by solution casting technique using dimethylformamide as solvent and cation exchange resin powder as functional groups agent. In this study, Taguchi experiment design method was employed for investigating the effects of controlling variables including polymer binder (PVP + PES) to total casting solution ratio, blend ratio of polymer binders (PVP to PES), resin to polymer binder ratio, and casting temperature on electrochemical characteristics of PES/PVP heterogeneous membranes. To this aim, each factor was considered at 4 different levels and therefore, 16 experiments were designed. To improve the quality of the membranes ultrasonic was used for appropriate dispersing of resin particles in the matrix of the membranes. According to the results, the averaged maximum values of 1.535 meq/g and 46.6 mV were obtained for IEC and membrane potential, respectively. Also, the highest obtained value of ion permeability tests was equal to 1.33 m/s. Finally, the synthesis conditions was optimized by considering the IEC and membrane potential as the objective functions which gave the values of 1.55 meq/g and 1.39 m/s for IEC and membrane potential, respectively, which proved that the synthesized membrane can be considered as a promising heterogeneous membrane.