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An overview of patterns and dynamics of suspended sediment transport in an agroforest headwater system in humid climate: Results from a long-term monitoring

Author:
Rodríguez-Blanco, M.L., Taboada-Castro, M.M., Taboada-Castro, M.T.
Source:
The Science of the total environment 2019 v.648 pp. 33-43
ISSN:
0048-9697
Subject:
agroforestry, autumn, data collection, humid zones, monitoring, rain, runoff, sediment transport, sediment yield, summer, suspended sediment, watersheds, winter, Spain
Abstract:
Small headwater catchments deliver large quantities of suspended sediment (SS) to the ocean. However, there are relatively few studies focused on the study of patterns and dynamics of suspended sediment in headwater catchments over the long-term (10 year or more). In this study, the dynamics of suspended sediment transport were examined at different time scales in a small headwater catchment in NW Spain, based on a 12-year dataset from high-resolution monitoring. The results revealed that, similar to other humid catchments, the hydrological response was highly dependent on initial conditions, especially in autumn and summer. However, in winter and spring the hydrology was more influenced by rainfall amount. The annual suspended sediment was 117 Mg, which equates to a suspended sediment yield of 10 Mg km−2 y−1. The SS yield in the Corbeira catchment is related to runoff generation and flooding, which play a key role in sediment yield from the catchment. About 80% of the annual SS was transported over 12% of the study period. Rainfall and discharge at the beginning of the events were the most important factors in explaining the hydrological response at event scale. Suspended sediment transport in this catchment is determined by event magnitude, while the SS is mainly influenced by variables related to runoff erosivity.
Agid:
6129582