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Proteomic approach to identify molecular signatures during experimental hepatic fibrosis and resveratrol supplementation

Ahmad, Areeba, Ahmad, Riaz
International journal of biological macromolecules 2018 v.119 pp. 1218-1227
alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase, bilirubin, biomarkers, calcium signaling, carbohydrates, collagen, fibrosis, gene expression regulation, lipids, liver, liver cirrhosis, pH, proteome, proteomics, rats, resveratrol, reticulin
We document the changes in sera and liver proteome during experimental hepatic fibrosis (HF) and its protection by resveratrol (Rsvtrl) in rats. HF was induced by N′-Nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) administration thrice a week for 21-days. Compared to the control group, significant (P < 0.05) elevations in ALT, AST, ALP, γGT and bilirubin occurred during fibrosis. H&E, IHC for α-SMA and reticulin stainings of liver demonstrated that collagen amassing and HF were concurrent. Rsvtrl-supplementation refurbished hepatic architecture and lessened collagen deposition. 2DE proteome analyses showed ~398 (pH, 3–10) and ~129 signatures (pH, 4–7) within 5–201 kDa range in liver and sera, respectively. Nearly, 45 spots in liver and 18 in sera were differentially expressed in fibrotic and Rsvtrl-supplemented animals. MALDI−TOF–MS/MS analysis revealed at least ten signatures as the potential biomarkers for HF, because of the significant changes (>2 fold) in their expression. Out of them, two signatures have not so far been characterized and we have accomplished it in this study. Our proteomics data provides new evidence on an overall involvement of carbohydrate, lipid, Ca²⁺ signaling and oxidative pathways during NDMA-induced HF. More importantly, the oxidative pathway appears to be the principal mediator in the NDMA-induced HF as well as the hepato-protection by Rsvtrl.