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Viruses in maize and Johnsongrass in Southern Ohio
- L. R. STEWART, R. TEPLIER, J. C. TODD, M. W. JONES, B. J. CASSONE, S. WIJERATNE, A. WIJERATNE, M. G REDINBAUGH
- Phytopathology 2014 v.194 no.12 pp. 1360-1369
- High Plains virus, Maize chlorotic dwarf virus, Maize dwarf mosaic virus, RNA, Sorghum halepense, corn, crop losses, crops, disease resistance, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, epidemiology, plant diseases and disorders, plant viruses, planting, sampling, sequence analysis, strains, sweetcorn, varieties, viruses, Ohio
- The two major U.S. maize viruses, Maize dwarf mosaic virus (MDMV) and Maize chlorotic dwarf virus (MCDV), emerged in southern Ohio and surrounding regions in the 1960s and caused significant losses. Planting resistant varieties and changing cultural practices has dramatically reduced virus impact in subsequent decades. Current information on the distribution, diversity, and impact of known and potential U.S. maize disease-causing viruses is lacking. To assess the current reservoir of viruses present at the sites of past disease emergence, we used a combination of serological testing and next-generation RNA sequencing approaches. Here, we report enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and RNA-Seq data from samples collected over 2 years to assess the presence of viruses in cultivated maize and an important weedy reservoir, Johnsongrass (Sorghum halepense). Results revealed a persistent reservoir of MDMV and two strains of MCDV in Ohio Johnsongrass. We identified sequences of several other grass-infecting viruses and confirmed the presence of Wheat mosaic virus in Ohio maize. Together, these results provide important data for managing virus disease in field corn and sweet corn maize crops, and identifying potential future virus threats.