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Oregano oil as a therapeutic treatment in the production of mixotrophic larvae of the lion's paw scallop Nodipecten subnodosus

Revilla, Jormil, Márquez, Adrian, Rodríguez-Pesantes, Daniel, Domínguez-Borbor, Cristóbal, Rodríguez, Jenny, Lodeiros, César, Sonnenholzner, Stanislaus
Aquaculture 2019 v.498 pp. 422-427
Nodipecten subnodosus, Origanum vulgare, antibacterial properties, antibiotic resistance, aquatic organisms, embryogenesis, enrofloxacin, florfenicol, larvae, oocytes, oregano, oxytetracycline, scallops, therapeutics
Antibiotics have been used massively for aquatic organism production. However, their use should be limited given the problems of increased antibiotic resistance, and new alternatives should be attempted, such as the use of plants extracts with antibacterial properties. The effect of the essential oil of oregano (Origanum vulgare) compared with three antibiotics (enrofloxacin, florfenicol, and oxytetracycline) on embryogenesis and early larval stages were evaluated to obtain mixotrophic larvae of the scallop Nodipecten subnudosus. Incubation densities of 20 and 100 fertilized oocytes mL−1 were used. The highest yield of normal larvae (calcified D-larvae) occurred at high densities in an order of 300% (36–45 D-larvae mL−1), with the highest values being obtained when the fertilized oocytes were treated with the oregano essential oil and with the antibiotic florfenicol, 44.8 ± 5.16 and 40.9 ± 12.06 D-larvae mL−1, respectively. Nevertheless, the use of florfenicol produced larvae with shorter anteroposterior length, which strengthens the advantage of using oregano essential oil over the antibiotics for spat production of N. subnudosus.