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Nitrogen and phosphorus removal and Typha domingensis tolerance in a floating treatment wetland

Di Luca, G.A., Mufarrege, M.M., Hadad, H.R., Maine, M.A.
The Science of the total environment 2019 v.650 pp. 233-240
Typha domingensis, ammonium, biological control, nitrates, nitrogen, plant tissues, reactive phosphorus, runoff, sediments, surface water, wetlands
The aim of this work was to study the efficiency of microcosms-scale floating treatment wetlands (FTWs) in the N and P removal from a synthetic runoff effluent and to evaluate the effluent tolerance of Typha domingensis. Each FTW consisted of a raft constructed with a plastic net where T. domingensis plants were installed. In order to evaluate the plant role, reactors with FTWs and without FTWs (controls) were used. P and N additions were carried out as follows: 5 mg L−1 P (P5 and P5-control); 10 mg L−1 N (N10 and N10-control); 5 mg L−1 P + 10 mg L−1 N (P5N10 and P5N10-control). Also, a biological control (B-control) without contaminant addition was used. The removal of soluble reactive phosphorus and total phosphorus were significantly higher in the FTWs than in the controls. Ammonium and nitrate concentrations were not significantly different between FTWs and controls at the end of the experiment. However, nitrate concentrations showed significant differences between FTWs and controls during the experiment. N and P were mainly accumulated in plant tissues and not in the sediment. Plants tolerated the effluent conditions and showed a positive growth rate. The use of FTWs is a promising strategy for the sustainable treatment of water bodies affected by runoff waters.