Main content area

Down-regulated miR-187 promotes oxidative stress-induced retinal cell apoptosis through P2X7 receptor

Zhang, Qiu-Li, Wang, Wei, Alatantuya,, Dongmei,, Lu, Zhan-Jun, Li, Lan-Lan, Zhang, Tian-Zi
International journal of biological macromolecules 2018 v.120 pp. 801-810
3' untranslated regions, animal models, apoptosis, hypertension, malondialdehyde, microRNA, oxidative stress, reactive oxygen species, retina, retinal diseases, tissues
Several microRNAs (miRNAs) expressed in the retina were confirmed to involve in retinal cell apoptosis, which was closely linked with the development of retinal diseases. Our previous studies have confirmed a vital role of miR-187 in retinal cells apoptosis. The aim of this study was to further elucidate the precise role of miR-187 and its probable mechanisms in RGC-5 cells apoptosis. The cellular oxidative stress status was assessed by reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and malondialdehyde (MDA) level. Our results showed that the elevated pressure, glutamate and H2O2-induced oxidative stress in RGC-5 cells was accompanied by a decrease in miR-187 expression and an increase in P2X7R expression. However, overexpression of miR-187 reversed this activation of oxidative stress in RGC-5 cells. Moreover, we also revealed that miR-187 inhibited the oxidative stress-induced apoptosis of RGC-5 cells through negative regulating P2X7R, probably through interacting with the 3′UTR of P2X7R. Finally, we confirmed that the forced miR-187 expression alleviated oxidative stress injury in retina tissues of rat models with chronic ocular hypertension. Our data demonstrated that miR-187/P2X7R signaling was involved in retinal cell apoptosis, at least in part, through activating oxidative stress.