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Alginate hydrogel beads as a carrier of low density lipoprotein/pectin nanogels for potential oral delivery applications

Zhou, Mingyong, Hu, Qiaobin, Wang, Taoran, Xue, Jingyi, Luo, Yangchao
International journal of biological macromolecules 2018 v.120 pp. 859-864
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, alginates, calcium, curcumin, dissociation, drug delivery systems, egg yolk, gastrointestinal system, hydrogels, iron, low density lipoprotein, nanoparticles, pH, pectins, scanning electron microscopes, transmission electron microscopes
Alginate hydrogel beads have been extensively investigated as drug delivery systems due to promising gastric environment stability. In the present study, alginate hydrogel beads were prepared with Ca2+ or Fe3+ to serve as the loading vehicles for egg yolk low density lipoprotein (LDL)/pectin nanogels. Scanning electron microscope was carried out to confirm the successful incorporation of nanogels into the beads. The FT-IR spectra and swelling ratio analyses proved that incorporation of nanogels did not affect the physicochemical properties of the hydrogel beads. The developed hydrogel beads exhibited pH dependent release of curcumin pre-encapsulated in nanogels, with significant retention of curcumin in gastric condition compared to curcumin encapsulated in nanogels or alginate beads alone. Hydrogel beads prepared with low viscous alginate and Ca2+ showed limited swelling property and more sustained release of curcumin in simulated gastrointestinal conditions, compared to the beads prepared with high viscous alginate and Fe3+. Gradual dissociation of nanogels from the beads during incubation in simulated intestinal fluid was studied with transmission electron microscope. Our study demonstrated the promising potential of alginate beads as a carrier to protect LDL-based nanogels from destabilization in gastric condition, thus expanding their applications as oral delivery system.