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Chitosan, gelatin and methylcellulose films incorporated with tannic acid for food packaging

Halim, Al Luqman Abdul, Kamari, Azlan, Phillip, Esther
International journal of biological macromolecules 2018 v.120 pp. 1119-1126
Escherichia coli, Solanum lycopersicum var. cerasiforme, Staphylococcus aureus, Vitis vinifera, antibacterial properties, biopolymers, cherry tomatoes, chitosan, food packaging, fruits, gelatin, grapes, methylcellulose, tannins, weight loss
In this work, chitosan, gelatin and methylcellulose films incorporated with tannic acid (TA) were synthesised, characterised and applied for the first time to preserve cherry tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum var. cerasiforme) and grapes (Vitis vinifera). The addition of TA at 15% (w/w) increased the transparency value of biopolymer films. The highest increment of transparency value was obtained for MC-TA film, increased from 0.572 to 4.73 A/mm. Based on antimicrobial study, the addition of TA improved the antibacterial properties of biopolymers against Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). The ability of films to preserve both fruits was evaluated in a 14-day preservation study. The application of biopolymer films treated with TA has decreased the weight loss and browning index of fruits, as compared to control films. A significant reduction in the weight loss of cherry tomatoes wrapped with chitosan (from 21.3 to 19.6%), gelatin (from 22.1 to 15.5%) and methylcellulose (26.2 to 20.5%) films were obtained following TA treatment. Overall, results obtained from this study highlight the effects of TA on physiochemical properties of biopolymer films and their ability to preserve fruits.