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Vitamin D fortification of foods and prospective health outcomes

Moulas, Anargyros N., Vaiou, Maria
Journal of biotechnology 2018 v.285 pp. 91-101
bone health, chronic diseases, diet, food fortification, fortified foods, health policy, lifestyle, risk, ultraviolet radiation, vitamin D, vitamin D deficiency, vitamin status
Vitamin D is essential for bone health and has significant roles in non-skeletal health and organ function. Dermal synthesis through exposure to ultraviolet B light is the major natural source of vitamin D, while only a small portion of the necessary amount can be acquired by a diet without fortified foods. In recent years, vitamin D deficiency as a result of lifestyles with inadequate sun exposure, has received increased attention due to its association with the increased risk of serious chronic diseases. This review summarizes our current understanding of food fortification strategies with vitamin D and the resulting health impact. Conventional and biotechnological approaches can be used for the production of new and novel vitamin D rich or vitamin D fortified foods. The availability of a wider range of every-day consumed fortified foods as part of a “Daily D” public health policy can contribute to the improvement of vitamin D status and to prevention of vitamin D deficiency.