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Biogas production from anaerobic co-digestion of durian shell with chicken, dairy, and pig manures
- Shen, Jian, Zhao, Chen, Liu, Yan, Zhang, Ruihong, Liu, Guangqing, Chen, Chang
- Energy conversion and management 2018
- anaerobic digestion, biodegradability, biotransformation, chickens, clean energy, dairy manure, durians, energy conversion, gas production (biological), high-throughput nucleotide sequencing, industrial applications, methane production, microorganisms, models, pig manure, poultry manure
- Durian shell (DS), a kind of fruit waste with a very large annual production yield, is mainly discarded in Asia. Currently, finding a reasonable method to utilize this bioresource is urgently needed. The effective technique of anaerobic digestion (AD) for the utilization of DS has seldom been reported. In this study, the anaerobic co-digestion of DS with chicken manure (CM), dairy manure (DM), and pig manure (PM) at different ratios was performed. The results showed that significant synergistic effects were observed in the co-digestion of DS and PM at 1:1 and 1:3 ratios, respectively. The highest cumulative methane yield of 224.8 mL gVS⁻¹ and biodegradability (BD) of 48.3% were obtained at the optimal DS to PM ratio of 1:1. The kinetics of the anaerobic co-digestion of DS and PM were well described by the modified Gompertz and Cone models. High-throughput sequencing (HTS) demonstrated that the co-digestion of DS and PM was highly beneficial to the growth and richness of microorganisms in AD. The energy conversion performance of the co-digestion of DS and PM was also preliminarily evaluated. The validated findings in this research confirmed that the anaerobic co-digestion of DS and PM was a promising way to not only achieve the bioconversion of bioresources into clean energy but also explore broad prospects for their future industrial application.