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Enhanced and selective adsorption of Hg2+ to a trace level using trithiocyanuric acid-functionalized corn bract

Lin, Guo, Wang, Shixing, Zhang, Libo, Hu, Tu, Cheng, Song, Fu, Likang, Xiong, Chao
Environmental pollution 2019 v.244 pp. 938-946
X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, adsorption, chelation, corn, ion exchange, mercury, models, pH, thiols, wastewater, zeta potential
A novel trithiocyanuric acid-modified corn bract (TCA-CCB) was prepared, and its removal properties for Hg2+ were investigated. TCA-CCB showed a remarkable absorbability for Hg2+ in mixed ion solutions. Adsorption kinetics experiments indicated that the removal of Hg2+ on TCA-CCB was quick, with a removal rate of 99.07% within 5 min. In addition, the removal rate of Hg2+ exceeded 98% over all pH conditions. The adsorption process can be best described by pseudo-second-order kinetic and Hill isotherm models. The saturated adsorption capacity of TCA-CCB for Hg2+ was 390 mg/g. The TCA-CCB could efficiently adsorb Hg2+ from the simulated wastewater and reduce the Hg2+ concentration from 10 ppm to 12.35 ppb, which was lower than the greatest allowable value of 50 ppb and satisfied the emission standards required by the Chinese government. Moreover, the removal rate of Hg2+ was beyond 99% after three cycles. The results of the zeta potential and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) implied that the chelation and ion exchange between amino/thiol groups and Hg2+ played a significant role in the improvement of the adsorption properties.The corn bract modified by trithiocyanuric acid exhibits apparent advantages in the removal of Hg2+ from ppm to ppb due to its high selectivity, adsorption capacity and stability.