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Goethite promoted biodegradation of 2,4-dinitrophenol under nitrate reduction condition

Tang, Ting, Yue, Zhengbo, Wang, Jin, Chen, Tianhu, Qing, Chengsong
Journal of hazardous materials 2018 v.343 pp. 176-180
2,4-dinitrophenol, Actinobacteria, Desulfotomaculum reducens, aquatic environment, aromatic amines, bacteria, biodegradation, goethite, high performance liquid chromatography, iron, iron oxides, microbial communities, nanomaterials, nitrate reduction, nitrates, nitrophenols, pollutants, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, toxicity
Iron oxide may interact with other pollutants in the aquatic environments and further influence their toxicity, transport and fate. The current study was conducted to investigate the biodegradation of 2,4-dinitrophenol (2,4-DNP) in the presence of iron oxide of goethite under anoxic condition using nitrate as the electron acceptor. Experiment results showed that the degradation rate of 2,4-DNP was improved by goethite. High performance liquid chromatography-mass spectra analysis results showed that goethite promoted degradation and transformation of 2,4-diaminophenol and 2-amino-4-nitrophenol (2-nitro-4-aminophenol). Microbial community analysis results showed that the abundance of Actinobacteria, which have the potential ability to degrade PAHs, was increased when goethite was available. This might partially explain the higher degradation of 2,4-DNP. Furthermore, another bacterium of Desulfotomaculum reducens which could reduce soluble Fe(III) and nitrate was also increased. Results further confirmed that nanomaterials in the aquatic environment will influence the microbial community and further change the transformation process of toxic pollutants.