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Simultaneous cationic Cu (II)‒anionic Sb (III) removal by NH2-Fe3O4-NTA core-shell magnetic nanoparticle sorbents synthesized via a facile one-pot approach

Hao, Haotian, Liu, Guifeng, Wang, Yili, Shi, Baoyou, Han, Kun, Zhuang, Yuan, Kong, Yan
Journal of hazardous materials 2019 v.362 pp. 246-257
antimony, chelation, copper, crosslinking, electrostatic interactions, iron oxides, ligands, magnetism, nanocomposites, nanoparticles, nitrilotriacetic acid, pH, screening, sorbents, sorption, surface area, wastewater, zeta potential
In this study, a regenerable magnetic core-shell nanoparticles NH2-Fe3O4-NTA which include 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) and nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA) crosslinked to Fe3O4 was developed by one-pot method for simultaneous removal of cationic and anionic metals. Another nanocomposite NH2-Fe3O4-NTAII was prepared by multi-step method for comparison. NH2-Fe3O4-NTA had positive zeta potential values of 35.1–0.8 mV at pH 1.8–11.0, with the saturation magnetization and surface area up to 40.56 emu/g and 56.94 m²/g, respectively. The maximum sorption capacities of NH2-Fe3O4-NTA for cationic Cu (II) and anionic Sb (III) were 55.56 and 51.07 mg/L, respectively, which were superior to that of NH2-Fe3O4-NTAII. Based on screening in terms of characterization and metal sorption capacity, NH2-Fe3O4-NTA with a feasible synthesis scheme was chosen for further evaluation. The Cu (II) removal by NH2-Fe3O4-NTA was favored with increasing pH, while the Sb (III) removal preferred low pH (2–3). Simultaneous sorption of Cu (II) and Sb (III) exhibited same removal performance with the sole sorption under high dosage (>1 g/L). In real wastewater applications of NH2-Fe3O4-NTA, multiple metals in actual wastewater could be removed to well below the regulation levels. Nonspecific electrostatic interactions, inner-sphere complexation, ligand exchange, chelation and coordination complexation were responsible for Cu (II) and Sb (III) removal.