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Relationship between seed content and berry ripening of wine grape (Vitis vinifera L.)

Wang, Li-ting, Zhou, Ya-li, Duan, Bing-bing, Jiang, Yue, Xi, Zhu-mei
Scientia horticulturae 2019 v.243 pp. 1-11
Vitis vinifera, abscisic acid, anthocyanins, color, harvesting, hormones, indole acetic acid, ripening, seed weight, small fruits, sugars, wine grapes
Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Gernischt (Vitis vinifera L.) berries were sampled at seven stages from pre-veraison to harvest. According to seed weight to berry weight (SB) of berries, the sampled berries were divided into two groups as Low-SB and High-SB grapes. The results showed 0074hat most of colored grapes were Low-SB grapes while under-ripe green berries belonged to High-SB group at mid-veraison. What’s more, compared with that of High-SB, there were more accumulation of sugar and anthocyanin and faster decreased total phenols in Low-SB berries. These were indicated that grapes with Low-SB ripened quicker. Abscisic acid (ABA) and auxin (IAA) were two main hormones in regulating berry ripening. Higher ABA and lower IAA concentration were observed in Low-SB grapes during maturation. To further illustrate the relationship of seed content with berry ripening, Cabernet Gernischt clusters were sprayed with 50 mg/L IAA. The results of this study suggested that IAA treatment delayed sugar and anthocyanin accumulation and retarded berry ripening, but increased the synchronicity of maturity by depressing the difference in sugar and anthocyanin contents between Low-SB and High-SB grapes. The delayed grapes had lower ABA and higher IAA content by reducing the expression of VvBG1, VvNCED, VvYUC1 and enhancing the expression of VvGH3-1. When the same amount of the control and IAA treatment grapes were mixed together, there were more grapes of IAA treatment belonged to the High-SB category and more berries of the control were Low-SB, further suggesting that seed content negatively correlated with berry ripening.