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Development and validation of a method for simultaneous determination of trace levels of five macrocyclic lactones in cheese by HPLC-fluorescence after solid–liquid extraction with low temperature partitioning

de Souza Santos Cheibub, Ana Maria, Silva Bahiense de Lyra, Eduardo, Pereira Netto, Annibal Duarte
Food chemistry 2019 v.272 pp. 148-156
abamectin, cattle, cheeses, doramectin, eprinomectin, fluorescence, guidelines, high performance liquid chromatography, ivermectin, moxidectin, solvents, temperature
A highly sensitive analytical method was developed and validated, following international guidelines, for the determination of the residues of five macrocyclic lactones (MLs) (abamectin, doramectin, eprinomectin, ivermectin and moxidectin) in cheese. The extracts were concentrated by rotary-evaporation and derivatized; no clean-up was necessary. Despite matrix complexity, no significant matrix-effect was verified, and standards were prepared in solvents. Linear working ranges varied from 0.25 to 5.0 μg L−1. Excellent limits of quantification (0.58–0.87 μg kg−1), mean recoveries (91–103%), and repeatability and intermediate precision (<5.8%) were obtained. Twenty-two samples of bovine and non-bovine cheeses were analyzed. Twenty-one samples showed residues of at least one ML (between 0.59 and 15.3 μg kg−1), but moxidectin was never detected; a sample of mozzarella was free of MLs. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first method describing the simultaneous evaluation of these MLs in cheese using HPLC and fluorescence detection.