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Effect of pH and holding time on the characteristics of protein isolates from Chenopodium seeds and study of their amino acid profile and scoring

Mir, Nisar A., Riar, Charanjit S., Singh, Sukhcharn
Food chemistry 2019 v.272 pp. 165-173
Chenopodium, Food and Agriculture Organization, alkali treatment, amino acid composition, chemical precipitation, color, dispersibility, dispersions, emulsifying properties, emulsions, foaming, foaming capacity, isoleucine, leucine, limiting amino acids, nutrition assessment, pH, protein isolates, seeds, solubility, valine, water binding capacity
Alkali extraction and acid precipitation methods were adopted to isolate protein from quinoa and album seeds of variety Chenopodium. Different pH dispersions (3–11) of isolated proteins were prepared and effects of pH and holding time on protein characteristics were evaluated. The pH-10 of extraction medium was found suitable for protein extraction on the basis of yield, purity, solubility and colour having isoelectric pH of 4.5. Yield and purity of protein isolates (PI) of quinoa and album varied from 8.12 to 12.22%; 74.19 to 85.07% and 7.71 to 10.98%; 77.16 to 86.12%, respectively. Overall, pH and time had significant effect on functional properties of PI of both seeds. Quinoa PI had higher emulsifying activity, emulsion stability, water binding capacity and dispersibility, whereas, foaming capacity and stability were higher for album PI. Nutritional indices were 64.20 and 64.58 for quinoa and album PI, respectively, whereas, amino acid scoring (FAO, 2013) indicated, isoleucine, leucine and valine as the limiting amino acids.