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Bioassay-guided isolation and UHPLC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS quantification of potential anti-inflammatory phenolic compounds from flowers of Inula montana L

Garayev, Elnur, Di Giorgio, Carole, Herbette, Gaëtan, Mabrouki, Fathi, Chiffolleau, Philippe, Roux, David, Sallanon, Huguette, Ollivier, Evelyne, Elias, Riad, Baghdikian, Béatrice
Journal of ethnopharmacology 2018
Arnica montana, Inula, anti-inflammatory activity, bioactive compounds, chlorogenic acid, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, flowers, fractionation, herbal medicines, inhibitory concentration 50, luteolin, macrophages, mice, nitric oxide, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, phenolic compounds, quality control, spectral analysis, tandem mass spectrometry, traditional medicine, ultra-performance liquid chromatography, France
Flowers of Inula montana L. (Asteraceae), commonly known as “Arnica de Provence”, are used in the traditional medicine of Provence in France with the same indication as Arnica montana, for the relief of bruises, as an anti-inflammatory agent.The aim of our study is to evaluate its anti-inflammatory properties and to justify its traditional uses. Its potential valorization is evaluated in order to propose Inula montana as an alternative to Arnica montana.Bio-guided fractionation of ethanolic extract allowed the isolation of compounds responsible of the inhibition of NO production. The fractionation was realized using chromatographic techniques and structure elucidation was conducted by ESI-MS and NMR spectral data. Anti-inflammatory effect of ethanolic extract, different fractions and isolated pure compounds was studied in vitro on immortalized mouse macrophages RAW 264.7. An analytical UHPLC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS method was developed for the identification of these compounds in the herbal drug. This UHPLC-DAD method was validated and was used to compare the phenolic profile and content in plant material from the two collection sites: Bonnieux and Merindol.Eleven compounds were identified by UHPLC-MS. Chlorogenic acid (1), Luteolin (2), Nepetin (3), 3,5-O-Dicaffeoylquinic acid (4), 1,5-O-Dicaffeoylquinic acid (5), Nepitrin (6), Hispiduloside (7) and Jaceosid (8) were isolated and identified by NMR. Compounds 9, 10 and 11 were confirmed to be 6-Hydroxykaempferol 3,7-dimethyl ether, Hispidulin and Chrysosplenol C, respectively by comparing retention times and MS/MS data with those of the authentic substances. Six compounds: 1 and 4–8 are reported for the first time in Inula montana L. Compounds 2–8 showed promising anti-inflammatory activity with the release of NO with IC50 value <7µM. The UHPLC-DAD method of quantification of three major bioactive compounds (1, 3 and 5) was validated.Flowers extracts and isolated compounds present promising anti-inflammatory activity which provides a scientific basis for the traditional use of Inula montana and may be proposed in the same indications as Arnica montana. The developed and validated simple, accurate and rapid UHPLC method can be used for the quality control of the herbal drug.