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Manure amendment reduced plant uptake and enhanced rhizodegradation of 2,2′,4, 4′-tetrabrominated diphenyl ether in soil

Xiang, Leilei, Song, Yang, Bian, Yongrong, Liu, Guangxia, Herzberger, Anna, Gu, Chenggang, Jiang, Xin, Wang, Fang
Biology and fertility of soils 2018 v.54 no.7 pp. 807-817
Daucus carota, Sphingomonas, bacteria, bacterial communities, bioaccumulation factor, bioavailability, biphenyl, carrots, community structure, diphenyl ethers, food intake, human health, manure amendments, models, organic matter, persistent organic pollutants, phytoremediation, pig manure, polluted soils, rhizosphere, risk, soil amendments, soil microorganisms, soil pollution
To test whether manure amendment in soil reduces plant uptake of persistent organic pollutants, carrot (Daucus carota L.) was used as a model plant and 2,2′,4,4′-tetrabrominated diphenyl ether (BDE-47) was selected as a model persistent organic pollutant to conduct a pot experiment with contaminated soil amended by composted pig manure. The results showed that the concentration and bioconcentration factors (BCFs) of BDE-47 in the edible part of carrot significantly decreased from 229.7 ± 28.2 to 43.4 ± 20.4 ng g⁻¹ and from 1.86 ± 0.5 to 0.15 ± 0.03, respectively, with increasing composted pig manure dose from 0 to 4%. Organic matter (OM) derived from composted pig manure played a dominant role in reducing persistent organic pollutant bioavailability in soil. Composted pig manure amendment and carrot cultivation jointly altered the bacterial community composition in soil, especially the rhizosphere. Rhizodegradation of BDE-47 was enhanced from 8.6 to 28.5% with increasing composted pig manure dose from 0 to 4%, corresponding to increased soil microbe diversity and polybrominated diphenyl ether-degrading bacteria (Sphingomonas, etc.) abundance in the rhizosphere. This study is the first, to the best of our knowledge, to provide an effective agronomic strategy of manure amendment to reduce plant uptake and simultaneously enhance rhizodegradation of persistent organic pollutants in soil, and thus potentially reduce human health risks through dietary intake.