Main content area

Discrimination and classification of extra virgin olive oil using a chemometric approach based on TMS-4,4′-desmetylsterols GC(FID) fingerprints of edible vegetable oils

Pérez-Castaño, Estefanía, Medina-Rodríguez, Santiago, Bagur-González, M.Gracia
Food chemistry 2019 v.274 pp. 518-525
Helianthus annuus, canola, chemometrics, chromatography, cluster analysis, corn, extra-virgin olive oil, grape seeds, heat, linseed, models, olive pomace, peanuts, principal component analysis, seeds, soybeans, vegetable oil
A single out-line HPLC-GC (FID) analytical method is applied to acquire the chromatographic fingerprint characteristic of the TMS-4,4′-desmetylsterol derivative fraction of several marketed edible vegetable oils in order to identify and discriminate the most valuable extra-virgin olive oils from the other vegetal oils (canola, corn, grape seed, linseed, olive pomace, peanut, rapeseed, soybean, sesame, seeds (non-specified composition but usually a blend of corn and sunflower) and sunflower). The natural structure of the preprocessed data undergoes a preliminary exploration using principal component analysis and heat map-based cluster analysis. A partial least squares-discriminant model is first trained from 53 oil samples (only 3 latent variables) and externally validated from 18 test oil samples. No classification errors are found and all the test samples are correctly classified. Additional classification models are also built in order to discriminate among vegetables-oil families and excellent results have been also achieved.