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Effects of Enterococcus faecalis UGRA10 and the enterocin AS-48 against the fish pathogen Lactococcus garvieae. Studies in vitro and in vivo

Baños, Alberto, Ariza, Juan José, Nuñez, Cristina, Gil-Martínez, Lidia, García-López, J. David, Martínez-Bueno, Manuel, Valdivia, Eva
Food microbiology 2019 v.77 pp. 69-77
Enterococcus faecalis, Lactococcus garvieae, Oncorhynchus mykiss, adverse effects, antibiotics, aquaculture, bacteriocins, biosafety, coculture, culture media, diet, dipping, disease control, minimum inhibitory concentration, pathogens, protective effect, survival rate, toxicity
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of Enterococcus faecalis UGRA10 and its enterocin AS-48 against the fish pathogen Lactococcus garvieae. The minimum bactericidal concentrations of AS-48 against L. garvieae CECT 5807, 5806, and 5274 were 15.62, 15.62, and 7.81 μg/ml respectively. In broth cultures, enterocin at 100, 50, and 25 μg/ml reduced 108 CFU/ml lactococci after 2, 5, and 10 h, respectively. In co-cultures of UGRA10/L. garvieae at a 1/10 CFU/ml ratio, lactococci were eliminated after 24 h. Studies on UGRA10 biosafety and AS-48 toxicity in R1 cells and in rainbow trout have shown a lack of adverse effects from both the strain and bacteriocin. Trout challenged with L. garvieae and UGRA10 administered in diet 30 days before infection had a cumulative survival rate of 50% compared with 0% for control fish. Trout inoculated with the pathogen and treated by regular dipping in AS-48 baths had a survival rate of 60% after 20 days compared with that of untreated fish (0%). These results indicate the protective effect of the UGRA10 strain and the bacteriocin AS-48 against L. garvieae and the potential of these natural products as alternatives to antibiotics for controlling diseases in aquaculture.