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Corn cob silica as an antibacterial support for silver nanoparticles: efficacy on Escherichia coli and Listeria monocytogenes

Author:
Shim, Jaehong, Mazumder, Payal, Kumar, Manish
Source:
Environmental monitoring and assessment 2018 v.190 no.10 pp. 583
ISSN:
0167-6369
Subject:
Escherichia coli, Gram-positive bacteria, Listeria monocytogenes, cell walls, composite materials, corn cobs, nanoparticles, nanosilver, recycled materials, silica, silver, transmission electron microscopes, transmission electron microscopy, wastes
Abstract:
There is great potential to combine bioresource and recycled materials with nanotechnology for industrial and environmental applications. In a novel approach, silver (Ag) nanoparticles (Ag NPs) were imbedded on amine-functionalized silica obtained from corn cob (ACCS) to produce a composite material that can be used to inactivate bacteria. Transmission electron microscope (TEM) images show near-uniform ACCS particles (34.7 ± 8.6 nm diameter), with Ag NPs (5–10 nm diameter) homogenously dispersed on the surfaces. The potential of ACCS-Ag NPs to rapidly inactivate gram-negative Escherichia coli ATCC 8739 and gram-positive Listeria monocytogenes was investigated. A four-log (> 99.99%) inactivation of the E. coli was achieved within 30 min with 4 mg of ACCS-Ag NPs in a 40-mL PBS suspension (1 × 10⁵ CFU/mL). Extended exposure of ACCS-Ag NP may be required to inactivate L. monocytogenes, suggesting the ACCS-Ag NP composite will be less practical for gram-positive bacteria due to thick cell wall and alternative formulations may need to be developed. Result shows that the potential of corn cob silica as an alternative, eco-friendly support matrix for applications such as bacterial inactivation. The Ag-imbedded, amine-functionalized corn cob silica demonstrates how bio-waste can be combined with nanotechnology to produce useful materials.
Agid:
6135057