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Electrophoretic variation in seed proteins and interrelationships of species in the genus Oryza

Singh, Arvinder, Kumar, Yogesh, Matta, N. K.
Genetic resources and crop evolution 2018 v.65 no.7 pp. 1915-1936
Oryza rufipogon, Oryza sativa, cyanogen, diploidy, genome, glutelins, molecular weight, phylogeny, polypeptides, rice, tetraploidy, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis
Comparative studies of two cultivated and sixteen wild species of the genus Oryza were carried out using one- and two-dimensional gel electrophoresis for variation in their seed proteins for interrelationships of these species. A number of polypeptides in the range of molecular weight 13–110 kDa were seen to vary. Under reducing conditions, polypeptides spread over the regions of mol. wt. 33–40.5, 25–27 and 19–21.5 kDa exhibited maximum variation in their patterns. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis revealed the occurrence of disulphide-linked glutelin polypeptide pairs of mol. wt. 60, 58, 52 and 25 kDa breaking into a large and a small subunit each in the range of mol. wt. 18–40.5 and 16–25 kDa respectively in Oryza sativa. The number of such polypeptide pairs varied from 2 to 6 in different species and also in O. sativa showed variation in mol. wts. of their constituent subunits. The UPGMA dendrogram revealed that most of the Oryza species occurred in different clusters and subclusters and thus did not share very close relationships. The undisputed and closest relationship observed was that of cultivated rice O. sativa with the O. rufipogon followed by that with O. nivara. The African cultivated O. glaberrima occurring on the nearest branch of the same subcluster, thereby, supporting the phylogenetic of these species suggested in earlier studies. Eight diploid species and seven tetraploid species were included in one part of the dendrogram while the remaining two species with AA genome i.e. O. glumaepatula and O. meridionalis and one with FF i.e. O. brachyantha stood separately from these as scattered in the group of seven tetraploid species with BBCC, CCDD and HHJJ genomes. The tetraploids O. alta, O. latifolia and O. grandiglumis with CCDD genomes which occurred on the farthest part were distantly related with O. sativa. The cyanogen bromide peptide maps and two dimensional gel electrophoresis also supported the closest relationship between O. sativa and O. rufipogon.