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Comparative genomics of Vibrio cholerae O1 isolated from cholera patients in Bangladesh
- Hossain, Z.Z., Leekitcharoenphon, P., Dalsgaard, A., Sultana, R., Begum, A., Jensen, P.K.M., Hendriksen, R.S.
- Letters in applied microbiology 2018 v.67 no.4 pp. 329-336
- Vibrio cholerae O1, aminoglycosides, antibiotic resistance, bioinformatics, biotypes, cefotaxime, cholera, clones, genetic traits, genomics, monitoring, multilocus sequence typing, pandemic, patients, phylogeny, planning, prediction, resistance genes, river deltas, single nucleotide polymorphism, trimethoprim, urban areas, virulence, Bangladesh, Pakistan
- Whole genome sequencing was utilized to investigate the genomic profile of Vibrio cholerae O1 strains, isolated from symptomatic patients in a low‐income urban area of Dhaka, Bangladesh. Comparative genomics using bioinformatics tools were applied to identify major virulence factors, biotype and antimicrobial resistance genes in three V. cholerae O1 strains (VC‐1, 2 and 3) isolated from two case patients. A phylogenetic SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism)‐based analysis was conducted to infer the relatedness to V. cholerae O1 strains isolated elsewhere. The V. cholerae strains were the El Tor variant carrying ctxB1 (standard classical genotype). SNP‐based global phylogeny revealed that the three isolates were strictly clonal and the closest neighbouring genomes were epidemic clones of V. cholerae O1 isolated in 2010 from cholera patients in Pakistan. All strains harboured the integrase gene of the SXT element (intSXT), antimicrobial resistance genes for aminoglycosides, phenicol, sulphonamide and trimethoprim except VC‐1 that lacked sulphonamide resistance genes. The multilocus sequence typing (MLST) revealed that the strains belonged to sequence type, ST69. The study provides knowledge on current genetic traits of clinical V. cholerae O1 circulating in urban household clusters of Bangladesh which may help in predicting emergence of new pandemic strains in Bangladesh. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: Vibrio cholerae has frequently experienced genetic changes with rapid evolution of pandemic clones in the Ganges Delta region. Whole genome sequencing can reveal genetic information of current pathogenic V. cholerae in Bangladesh which includes cefotaxime genotypes, virulence factors, altered antimicrobial resistance pattern as well as mobile genetic element compared to global pandemic strains. This study data could be used in planning future surveillance strategies in Ganges Delta region by informing new epidemiology of current outbreak strains.