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Lignin depolymerization and utilization by bacteria

Xu, Rong, Zhang, Kai, Liu, Pu, Han, Huawen, Zhao, Shuai, Kakade, Apurva, Khan, Aman, Du, Daolin, Li, Xiangkai
Bioresource technology 2018 v.269 pp. 557-566
Pseudomonas, bacteria, biocatalysis, biofertilizers, biofuels, bioplastics, depolymerization, fungi, industrial applications, lignin, lipids, oxygen, pH, pulp and paper mill effluents, pulp and paper mills, temperature, value added, wastewater treatment
Lignin compound wastes are generated as a result of agricultural and industrial practices. Microorganism-mediated bio-catalytic processes can depolymerize and utilize lignin eco-friendly. Although fungi have been studied since several decades for their ability to depolymerize lignin, strict growth conditions of fungus limit it’s industrial application. Compared with fungi, bacteria can tolerate wider pH, temperature, oxygen ranges and are easy to manipulate. Several studies have focused on bacteria involved in the process of lignin depolymerization and utilization. Pseudomonas have been used for paper mill wastewater treatment while Rhodococcus are widely reported to accumulate lipid. In this review, the recent studies on bacterial utilization in paper wastewater treatment, lignin conversion to biofuels, bioplastic, biofertilizers and other value-added chemicals are summarized. As bacteria possess remarkable advantages in industrial production, they may play a promising role in the future commercial lignin utilization.