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Aerobic granular sludge: Cultivation parameters and removal mechanisms
- de Sousa Rollemberg, Silvio Luiz, Mendes Barros, Antônio Ricardo, Milen Firmino, Paulo Igor, Bezerra dos Santos, André
- Bioresource technology 2018 v.270 pp. 678-688
- biochemical pathways, biorefining, dyes, energy conservation, hydrodynamics, normal values, nutrients, organic matter, sludge, wastewater treatment
- Aerobic granular sludge (AGS) has been the focus of many investigations, and the main parameters responsible for AGS formation are hydrodynamic shear force, short periods and feast-famine cycles. However, some other parameters are associated with AGS maintenance after long periods of operation. This review evaluates the parameters responsible for AGS formation and maintenance and some reference values are proposed. In addition, some discussions are addressed about the main metabolic pathways that AGS uses for the removal of some compounds, such as nutrients, organic matter, dyes, recalcitrant compounds, among others. Finally, the main microbial groups present in the AGS and their respective functions are discussed. It is also highlighted that many parameters that are taken as reference currently for AGS cultivation and maintenance can be optimized for energy savings, implementation costs, among others, as well as a greater recovery of resources during wastewater treatment, within the scope of the biorefinery concept.