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Fermentation and drying effects on bread-making potential of sour cassava and ahipa starches

Díaz, Andrea, Dini, Cecilia, Viña, Sonia Z., García, María Alejandra
Food research international 2019 v.116 pp. 620-627
amylose, baked goods, baking, breadmaking, butyric acid, cassava, corn starch, dough, fermentation, gelatinization temperature, gluten-free foods, hardness, ingredients, pastes, rheological properties, solar drying, solar radiation, water content
Cassava sour starch is a gluten-free product obtained by natural fermentation and sun-drying that outstrips the native starch baking expansion properties. Although maize starch has been subjected to a similar process, this desirable feature could not be achieved. Ahipa, an unexploited tuberous root, renders starch with relatively low gelatinization temperature and amylose content, like that of cassava. The aim of this work was to study the characteristics and technological properties of ahipa starch subjected to different fermentation processes and drying methods (oven- or sun-drying) and compare the bakery quality of its derived products to those from fermented cassava starches.Ahipa starch followed similar fermentation paths to those followed by cassava's, and sun-drying significantly reduced the content of the resultant lactic and butyric acids. Rheological behavior of starch pastes as well as moisture content and hardness of the doughs obtained from fermented and sun-dried ahipa starches differed from those of cassava. Sun-light exposure resulted detrimental for the expansion properties of ahipa sour starches, while the native one showed baking expansion properties like those of fermented sun-dried cassava starch.Thus, ahipa starch represents an interesting ingredient for the elaboration of gluten-free baked products.