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Identification of high-yield and high-Zn wheat cultivars for overcoming “yield dilution” in dryland cultivation
- Wang, Sen, Wang, Zhao-Hui, Li, Sha-sha, Diao, Chao-peng, Liu, Lu, Hui, Xiao-Li, Huang, Ming, Luo, Lai-Chao, He, Gang, Cao, Han-bing, Yu, Rong, Malhi, Sukhdev S.
- European journal of agronomy 2018 v.101 pp. 57-62
- arid lands, biofortification, cultivars, harvest index, nutrient deficiencies, soil, wheat, zinc
- The most effective measure to address human zinc (Zn) deficiency worldwide is genetic Zn biofortification of cereal grains, namely breeding crop cultivars with both high yield and high grain Zn concentration. This has been not easy due to the widely reported yield dilution effect on grain Zn, while the Zn uptake and its distribution, as sources for grain Zn filling, were much less investigated for overcoming the yield dilution. A field study was conducted in a calcareous low-Zn soil in dryland with 123 modern wheat cultivars planted for two years, and different traits were determined at maturity to characterize cultivars with high or low grain Zn at the same yield levels. For all tested cultivars, grain Zn concentration showed no significant correlation with yield in both years. Then 19 cultivars were identified with consistent yield and grain Zn performances across years, and classified into four groups: low-Zn low-yield (n = 4), high-Zn low-yield (n = 4), low-Zn high-yield (n = 7), and high-Zn high-yield (n = 4). For low-yield cultivars, grain Zn was more closely related to shoot Zn uptake, while for high-yield cultivars, both shoot Zn uptake and Zn harvest index were closely related to grain Zn. From the seven high-yield low-Zn (7142 kg ha−1, 14.7 mg kg−1) to the four high-yield high-Zn cultivars (7287 kg ha−1, 20.8 mg kg−1), there was no yield dilution effect on grain Zn because the latter possessed both high shoot Zn uptake (190 g Zn ha−1) and high Zn harvest index (79%). In conclusion, yield dilution is not necessarily an obstacle for increasing wheat grain Zn concentration. Enhancing the Zn uptake and its distribution to grain make it possible to achieve high grain Zn and high yield simultaneously, promoting the success of genetic Zn biofortification for dryland wheat.