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Factors affecting the bioconversion of Philippine tung seed by black soldier fly larvae for the production of protein and oil-rich biomass

Abduh, Muhammad Yusuf, Nadia, Mochamad Hirza, Syaripudin,, Manurung, Robert, Putra, Ramadhani Eka
Journal of Asia-Pacific entomology 2018 v.21 no.3 pp. 836-842
Hermetia illucens, biomass production, biotransformation, fatty acid composition, insect larvae, lipid content, oils, prepupae, protein content, rearing, water content, Indonesia
A systematic study on the use of Philippine tung (Reutealis trisperma) seed as a substrate for the cultivation of black soldier fly larvae (Hermetia illucens) was performed. The characteristics of Reutealis trisperma seed from two different locations: West Java and Papua, were determined. The seed has a relatively high oil (37.6–39.2%, dry weight) and protein content (14.9–28.2%, dry weight). The effect of cake content in the substrate (0–20%, wet weight), moisture content in the substrate (50–70%, wet weight), feeding rate (50–100 mg/larva/d), lighting condition (dark-light) and substrate depth in a rearing container (4–10 cm) was performed. An optimum prepupal biomass productivity of 123.4 g/m2/d was obtained (20%, wet weight of cake content in the substrate, 60%, wet weight of moisture content in the substrate, 100 mg/larva/d, dark, 6 cm substrate depth). The protein and oil content of the biomass were also determined to evaluate the effect of Reutealis trisperma seed as a substrate for the cultivation of black soldier fly larvae to produce protein and oil-rich biomass. The oil content in the biomass was also extracted and the fatty acid composition was identified. The prepupal biomass has a relatively high amount of protein (45%, dry weight) and oil content (26.6%, dry weight) and is suitable for cattle feed application.