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The use of Prevotella bryantii 3C5 for modulation of the ruminal environment in an ovine model

Fraga, Martín, Fernández, Sofía, Perelmuter, Karen, Pomiés, Nicolle, Cajarville, Cecilia, Zunino, Pablo
Brazilian journal of microbiology 2018 v.49 pp. 101-106
Prevotella bryantii, ammonium nitrogen, animal models, community structure, fermentation, fermented foods, forage, grazing systems, inoculum, methane production, microbial communities, pH, probiotics, rumen, rumen fermentation, rumen microorganisms, sequence analysis, volatile fatty acids, wethers
In the Southern Hemisphere, ruminants are mostly raised in grazing systems where animals consume forage and are supplemented with low amounts of concentrates. Concentrates are usually given separately and are rapidly ingested. This practice leads to changing rumen environment conditions during the day, may alter the rumen microbial metabolism and could affect host performance. The native ruminal Prevotella bryantii strain 3C5 was administered every 48h to wethers under experimental conditions simulating Southern-Hemisphere feeding to evaluate its potential as a rumen fermentation modulator. The inoculum potential was assessed on day 17. The ammonia nitrogen (NH3-N), volatile fatty acids and ruminal pH were monitored on a 24-h basis 19 days after the beginning of the experiment, and the microbial community structure was assessed by pyrosequencing. The administration of P. bryantii modified the fermentation products and daily pH values compared to the control. The NH3-N concentration in the rumen of treated animals was significantly higher than that of the untreated animals. Modification of the ruminal environment and fermentation pathways was achieved without altering the general structure of the microbial community or the potential methane production. P. bryantii 3C5 could be considered in potential probiotic formulations for ruminants in semi-intensive systems.