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Environmental interpretation of forest communities in Xiaowutai Mountain by fuzzy mathematics analysis
- Bai, Xiaohang, Zhang, Jintun
- Ecological informatics 2018 v.48 pp. 178-186
- altitude, case studies, environmental impact, forest communities, mathematics, soil depth, soil electrical conductivity, soil pH, soil temperature, soil water, uncertainty
- Fuzzy mathematics theory has been recognized as an appropriate approach for dealing with fuzzy uncertainty that is mainly due to incomplete information in ecological problems. The forest communities in Xiaowutai Mountain were analyzed by fuzzy mathematics methods. The results showed that all quadrats (n = 148) which contained a total of 392 vascular plant species in 75 families were classified into 16 groups representing 16 plant communities by fuzzy C-means clustering. The distribution of plant community types in two-dimensional ordination diagram reflected community space variation trends and environmental gradients by fuzzy set ordination. In addition, the ordination results reflected altitude, slope position, litter layer thickness, soil electrical conductivity, soil thickness, soil temperature, soil moisture, disturbance, slope, aspect, soil pH successively affected community distribution along environmental gradients. From the two-dimensional ordination diagram, it seemed that altitude played the greatest impact on forest community distribution in all environmental factors. Analyzing the actual effect of plant community by fuzzy mathematics methods can help us to provide ideas and case studies in ecology research.