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Breeding for Resistance to Tomato Bacterial Diseases in China: Challenges and Prospects
- WANG, Yuqing, ZHANG, Yaxian, GAO, Zhipeng, YANG, Wencai
- Horticultural plant journal 2018 v.4 no.5 pp. 193-207
- Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis, Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato, Ralstonia solanacearum, Solanum lycopersicum, Xanthomonas, bacterial canker, bacterial wilt, cultivars, disease resistance, genes, genetic markers, horticultural crops, inheritance (genetics), pathogens, phenotypic selection, races, technology, tomatoes, China
- Four bacterial diseases including bacterial canker caused by Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis, bacterial speck caused by Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato, bacterial spot caused by at least four Xanthomonas species, and bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum are among the most devastating diseases in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) production in China. However, almost no commercial cultivars currently growing in the country are resistant to these four bacterial diseases because little effort has been devoted to breeding for resistance. In addition, the existence of great natural variation in each pathogen and the quantitative inheritance of resistance add to the difficulties of developing cultivars with resistance to these diseases. In the past 20 years, molecular markers tightly linked to genes conferring resistance to these four bacterial diseases have been identified or gene-based markers have been developed, which may circumvent some of the problems associated with phenotypic selection for resistance to multiple bacterial pathogens and races. Here we present a review on current status of studies on these diseases and discuss the promise of new technologies in breeding for resistance to these bacterial diseases in China.