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Evaluation of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays for detection of Mycoplasma bovis-Specific antibody in bison sera

Karen B. Register, Randy E. Sacco, Steven C. Olsen
Clinical and diagnostic laboratory immunology 2013 v.20 no.9 pp. 1405-1409
Mycoplasma bovis, antibodies, antigens, bison, blood serum, cattle, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, immunoglobulin G, infectious diseases, microbial detection, seroprevalence, vaccination
Mycoplasma bovis has recently emerged as a significant and costly infectious disease problem in bison. A method for the detection of M. bovis-specific serum antibodies is needed in order to establish prevalence and transmission patterns. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) validated for the detection of M. bovis-specific serum IgG in cattle are commercially available, but their suitability for bison sera has not been determined. A collection of bison sera, most from animals with a known history of infection or vaccination with M. bovis, was tested for M. bovis-specific IgG using commercially available kits as well as an in-house ELISA in which either cattle or bison M. bovis isolates were used as a source of antigen. Comparison of the results demonstrates that ELISAs optimized for cattle sera may not be optimal for the identification of bison seropositive for M. bovis, particularly those with low to moderate antibody levels. The reagent used for the detection of bison IgG and the source of the antigen affect the sensitivity of the assay. Optimal performance was obtained when the capture antigen was derived from bison isolates rather than cattle isolates and when a protein G conjugate rather than an anti-bovine IgG conjugate was used for the detection of bison IgG.