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Morphometry and depth of inseminating catheter penetration in prolific and non- prolific ewes at different ages: A post mortem study

EL khalil, Kaoutar, Allai, Larbi, Fatet, Alice, Benmoula, Anass, Hamidallah, Naima, Badi, Abdelmoughit, Moussafir, Zineb, Ibnelbachyr, Mustapha, El Amiri, Bouchra
Animal reproduction science 2018 v.196 pp. 43-47
artificial insemination, breeds, catheters, cervix, elderly, ewes, insemination, morphometry, uterus
The ewe's cervix structure is highly variable among females, which may limit the application of transcervical artificial insemination (TCAI). This work aimed to study the variation in cervix anatomy in two different prolificacy breeds (D’man a prolific and Boujaâd a non-prolific sheep). Reproductive tracts were collected from D'man (n = 64) and Boujaâd (n = 187) females aged between 1 and 4 years. The weight of the uterus, length of the cervix and depth of penetration of the inseminating pipette were recorded. The number of cervical rings was counted and their arrangement graded. The cervix anatomy of D’man ewes differs from that of Boujaâd. The cervix morphology of Boujaâd ewes is more complex compared to D’man ewes; this complexity depends on the age of the ewe. No significant difference was found regarding the depth of penetration of the insemination catheter for the two breeds at 1, 2 and 4 years old (P > 0.05). However, at 3 years old, the highest depth of penetration (P < 0.05) was recorded in D’man ewes. In addition, for both breeds, grade 2 was the most frequent (P < 0.05), and the cervix became less complicated for TCAI with advanced age (4 years old). To conclude, the cervix of D’man ewes is less complex and more favorable to TCAI. In addition, to overcome the complexity of the cervix in Boujaâd sheep, a selection of 4-year-old ewes will make the penetration of the artificial insemination catheter possible.