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Techno-economic analysis for CO2 reforming of a medium-grade landfill gas in a membrane reactor for H2 production
- Heo, Juheon, Lee, Boreum, Lim, Hankwon
- Journal of cleaner production 2018 v.172 pp. 2585-2593
- Monte Carlo method, carbon dioxide, discount rate, economic analysis, economic factors, hydrogen, hydrogen production, labor, landfills, probability, probability analysis, temperature, uncertainty analysis, South Korea
- In this paper, we report techno-economic analysis for CO2 reforming of a medium-grade landfill gas in a membrane reactor (MR) for a H2 production capacity of 7 m³ h⁻¹ in Korea. Parametric studies for the effect of key operating conditions like a H2 permeance, a H2O sweep gas flow rate, and temperature on the performance in a conventional packed-bed reactor (PBR) and a MR were conducted using Aspen HYSYS®, a commercial process simulator. Based on process simulation studies, economic analysis was carried out to find a unit H2 production cost for both a PBR and a MR. Respective unit H2 production costs of 9.72 and 6.46 $ kgH2⁻¹ were obtained for a PBR and a MR showing about 34% reduction in the MR. Sensitivity analysis was employed to identify key economic factors to determine a unit H2 production cost with labor the most influential factor for both reactors. Probability analysis (PA) was performed with influential factors based on a Monte-Carlo simulation method as uncertainty analysis and a cumulative probability (CP) curve was created for a PBR and a MR under various discount rates from 2 to 10% and key factor ranges from ±10 to ±40%. PA using stochastic approach provided a wide range of a unit H2 production cost coupled with its probability and a critical CP value at which the effect of key factor range on a unit H2 production cost was reversed.