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The complete mitochondrial genome of Clostera anastomosis (Lepidoptera: Notodontidae) and implication for the phylogenetic relationships of Noctuoidea species

Zhu, Xiao-Yu, Xin, Zhao-Zhe, Liu, Yu, Wang, Ying, Huang, Yan, Yang, Zhi-Hui, Chu, Xiao-Hua, Zhang, Dai-Zhen, Zhang, Hua-Bin, Zhou, Chun-Lin, Wang, Jia-Lian, Tang, Bo-Ping, Liu, Qiu-Ning
International journal of biological macromolecules 2018
Clostera, Erebidae, Noctuidae, Nolidae, data collection, insects, intergenic DNA, mitochondrial genome, phylogeny, ribosomal RNA, start codon, topology, transfer RNA
In the present study, the complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of Clostera anastomosis (C. anastomosis) has been determined for the first time. The mitogenome is 15,390 base pairs (bp) in length, comprised of 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 2 ribosomal RNAs (rRNAs), 22 transfer RNAs (tRNAs) and one non-coding control region (CR). The gene order shows a typical trnM rearrangement (trnM–trnI–trnQ) compared to ancestral insects (trnI–trnQ–trnM). Almost all the PCGs have the same start codon (ATN) except for cox1 (CGA), and almost all tRNAs have a typical cloverleaf secondary structure except for trnS1. At the beginning of the CR, we found a conserved motif “ATAGA + poly-T” as found in other lepidopteran insects. There are 20 intergenic regions and 11 overlapping regions, ranging from 1 to 53 bp and 1 to 9 bp, respectively. The A + T content is relatively high across the whole mitogenome. The optimal tree topologies of Noctuoidea were given by the dataset consisting of all 13 PCGs from five families (exclude Oenosandridae). Our trees suggested a topology of (Notodontidae + (Erebidae + (Nolidae + (Euteliidae + Noctuidae)))) and identified that C. anastomosis belongs to Notodontidae.