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First molecular detection of Theileria luwenshuni from goats in Myanmar

Bawm, Saw, Kakisaka, Keita, Thu, May June, Chel, Hla Myet, Oo, Yamon Min Nyunt, Soe, Nyein Chan, Win, Shwe Yee, Htun, Lat Lat, Win, Mar Mar, Suzuki, Hitoshi, Nakao, Ryo, Katakura, Ken
Parasitology research 2018 v.117 no.10 pp. 3361-3364
Protozoa, Theileria, blood, genes, goats, parasites, polymerase chain reaction, ribosomal RNA, sheep, wild animals, China, Myanmar
Tick-borne intracellular protozoan parasites of the Theileria genus infect a wide range of both domestic and wild animals. In the present study, we describe the first PCR detection of Theileria luwenshuni in the blood of goats in Myanmar. Nested PCR targeting the Theileria 18S rRNA gene resulted in seven positive goats in central and northern Myanmar. Nucleotide sequencing of the PCR products revealed that all seven sequences were identical and showed 100% identity with T. luwenshuni sequences in GenBank from goats and sheep in China. Since T. luwenshuni parasites have recently been discovered and shown to have nationwide distribution in China, they might have been introduced into Myanmar via transboundary movement of infected domestic small ruminants and/or wild animals from China.