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Rapid Detection of Ustilaginoidea virens from Rice using Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification Assay

Yang, Xue, Al-Attala, Mohamed N., Zhang, Yong, Zhang, Ai-Fang, Zang, Hao-Yu, Gu, Chun-Yan, Gao, Tong-Chun, Chen, Yu, Al-Attala, Mohamed N., Ali, Farman, Li, Yun-Fei, Yao, Jian, Zhu, Jin-Guo
Plant disease 2018 v.102 no.9 pp. 1741-1747
DNA, Ustilaginoidea virens, color, equipment, fungi, genes, grain yield, loop-mediated isothermal amplification, polymerase chain reaction, rapid methods, rice, rice false smut, spikelets
Ustilaginoidea virens is an important fungus that causes rice false smut disease. This disease significantly reduces both grain yield and quality. Various methods have been developed for the detection of U. virens but most of these methods need sophisticated equipment such as a thermal cycler. Here, we present a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for the specific detection of U. virens. This assay used a specific region of the UvG-β1 gene (212-bp region) to design six LAMP primers. The LAMP assay was optimized by the combination of rapidity, simplicity, and high sensitivity for the detection of about 1 pg of target genomic DNA in the reaction whereas, with polymerase chain reaction (PCR), there was no amplification of DNA with concentrations less than 1 ng. Among the genomic DNA of 22 fungus species and two strains of U. virens, only the tube containing the DNA of U. virens changed to yellowish green with SYBR Green I. The color change was indicative of DNA amplification. No DNA was amplified from either the other 22 fungus species or the negative control. Moreover, 20 spikelets and 22 rice seed samples were used for the detection of rice false smut via LAMP. The results were comparable with conventional PCR. We conclude that gene UvG-β1 coupled with LAMP assay, can be used for the detection and identification of U. virens gene via LAMP.