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Sodium chloride improves pullulan production by Aureobasidium pullulans but reduces the molecular weight of pullulan

Wang, Da-Hui, Ni, Teng-Fei, Ju, Xiao-Min, Wei, Gong-Yuan
Applied microbiology and biotechnology 2018 v.102 no.20 pp. 8921-8930
Aureobasidium pullulans, adenosine triphosphate, alpha-amylase, biosynthesis, energy metabolism, enzyme activity, gene expression, gene expression regulation, genes, glucose, glucosyltransferases, molecular weight, pullulan, sodium chloride, transcription (genetics), uridine diphosphate
The effect of sodium chloride (NaCl) on pullulan production by batch culture of Aureobasidium pullulans CCTCC M 2012259 was investigated. NaCl at 3 g/L improved the pullulan titer by 26.7% but reduced the molecular weight of pullulan to only 46.8% of that obtained in the control without NaCl. In order to elucidate the physiological mechanism underlying the effect of NaCl on pullulan production, assays of key enzyme activity, gene expression, energy metabolism, and intracellular uridine diphosphate glucose (UDP-glucose) content were performed. Results indicated that NaCl increased the activities of α-phosphoglucose mutase and glucosyltransferase involved in pullulan biosynthesis, increased the activities of α-amylase being responsible for pullulan degradation, upregulated the transcriptional levels of pgm1, fks, and amy2 genes, enhanced the driving force for ATP supply, and helped to maintain intracellular UDP-glucose at a high level in A. pullulans CCTCC M 2012259. All these results illuminate the reason by which NaCl increases pullulan titer but reduces the molecular weight of pullulan.