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Metabolic engineering of Bacillus subtilis for the co-production of uridine and acetoin

Fan, Xiaoguang, Wu, Heyun, Jia, Zifan, Li, Guoliang, Li, Qiang, Chen, Ning, Xie, Xixian
Applied microbiology and biotechnology 2018 v.102 no.20 pp. 8753-8762
Bacillus subtilis, acetates, acetoin, batch fermentation, carbon metabolism, economics, gene overexpression, glycerol, hydrolysates, metabolic engineering, operon, soybean meal, uridine, value-added products, yeast extract
In this study, a uridine and acetoin co-production pathway was designed and engineered in Bacillus subtilis for the first time. A positive correlation between acetoin and uridine production was observed and investigated. By disrupting acetoin reductase/2,3-butanediol dehydrogenasegenebdhA, the acetoin and uridine yield was increased while 2,3-butanediol formation was markedly reduced. Subsequent overexpression of the alsSD operon further improved acetoin yield and abolished acetate formation. After optimization of fermentation medium, key supplementation strategies of yeast extract and soybean meal hydrolysate were identified and applied to improve the co-production of uridine and acetoin. With a consumption of 290.33 g/L glycerol, the recombinant strain can accumulate 40.62 g/L uridine and 60.48 g/L acetoin during 48 h of fed-batch fermentation. The results indicate that simultaneous production of uridine and acetoin is an efficient strategy for balancing the carbon metabolism in engineered Bacillus subtilis. More importantly, co-production of value-added products is a possible way to improve the economics of uridine fermentation.