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Preparation and Characterization of Xylan Derivatives and Their Blends
- Cheng, H. N., Ford, Catrina, Kolpak, Francis J., Wu, Qinglin
- Journal of polymers and the environment 2018 v.26 no.10 pp. 4114-4123
- Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, cotton, derivatization, dry strength, electrolytes, gel chromatography, molecular weight, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, paper, raw materials, rheology, thermal analysis, wood, xylan
- Although hemicellulose is found widely in nature, it is currently under-utilized as a raw material for commercial applications. It would be desirable to find new uses for hemicellulose in order to add value to this agro-based material. A common type of hemicellulose is xylan, which is found in a number of wood species and in cotton. In this work we prepared cationic and anionic xylan derivatives and characterized them by ¹³C NMR, FT-IR, size exclusion chromatography (SEC), thermal analysis, and rheology. In particular, the ¹³C NMR spectra of carboxymethyl xylan (CMX) and quaternary ammonium-adducted xylan (QAX) were fully assigned with the help of samples with different degrees of substitution. SEC indicated that the beechwood xylan showed a bimodal molecular weight distribution, but with derivatization the distribution tended to become unimodal. Thermal analysis and rheology studies did not uncover any surprises; the solution of xylan and its derivatives exhibited mostly Newtonian behavior. The blends of CMX and QAX produced a precipitate at almost all ratios, indicating the formation of a polyelectrolyte complex. When cationic and anionic xylan samples were added together to paper, the paper dry strength increased. Thus, the combination of cationic/anionic xylan may be of interest in selected applications.