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Morphological and Molecular Analysis of Isolated Cultures of Tobacco Adventitious Roots Obtained by the Methods of Biolistic Bombardment and Agrobacterium-Mediated Transformation

Gumerova, G. R., Chemeris, A. V., Nikonorov, Yu. M., Kuluev, B. R.
Russian journal of plant physiology 2018 v.65 no.5 pp. 740-749
DNA fragmentation, Rhizobium rhizogenes, adventitious roots, biolistics, explants, leaves, protein kinases, root diseases, root growth, tobacco, transgenes
Plant infection with Agrobacterium rhizogenes leads to the development of a hairy root disease notable for the rapid agravitropic growth of roots on hormone-free nutrient media. In order to look into the interaction of A. rhizogenes with plants and assess opportunities of practical application of hairy root culture, new approaches to their production are elaborated. A method of bacterium-free and plasmid-free production of genetically modified roots (hairy roots) by means of biolistic transformation of leaf explants with a DNA fragment (size of 5461 bp) consisting of genes rolA, rolB, rolC, and rolD are proposed. In most cases, such transformation resulted in the emergence of only adventitious roots with transient expression of rol-genes, and the growth of such roots on hormone-free media ceased in 2–3 months in contrast to genuine hairy roots capable of unrestricted growth. Molecular analysis of different systems of target genes’ expression showed an important role of transgene rolC and host gene of cyclin-dependent protein kinase CDKB1-1 in the maintenance of rapid growth of hairy roots in vitro (in isolated cultures).