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Magnetic nanotechnological devices as efficient tools to improve the quality of water: analysis on a real case

Horst, Maria Fernanda, Pizzano, Aldana, Spetter, Carla, Lassalle, Verónica
Environmental science and pollution research international 2018 v.25 no.28 pp. 28185-28194
adsorption, copper, estuaries, gelatin, heavy metals, iron, leaching, magnetism, magnetite, models, nanoparticles, nitrates, nitrites, nutrients, remediation
Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs), based on iron oxide (magnetite) and ferrogel of gelatin and MNPs, were employed as efficient tools for the removal of heavy metals and nutrients from water samples from Bahia Blanca estuarine (BBE). An exhaustive adsorption performance of Cu, NO₃⁻, and NO₂⁻ was conducted in batch using model solutions aiming to adjust the adsorption conditions. Adsorption studies using water simulating the real samples were also performed. Both kinds of nanomaterials demonstrated an efficiency between 60 and 80%, and 85% for the removal of heavy metals and NO₃⁻ and NO₂⁻, respectively. Similar adsorption assays were performed using BBE water samples, employing the experimental conditions explored with model and simulated water. The reached efficiency was 30 and 45% for heavy metal and nutrient removal, respectively, using nanoparticles; meanwhile, ferrogels displayed a removal capacity around 50–60%. The nanoparticles showed structural instability by the leaching of iron to the medium after the adsorption processes. Ferrogels remained almost inalterable in terms of their integrity during the adsorption time. These materials showed satisfactory perspectives regarding their reuse possibilities. They were used for almost five repeated cycles of adsorption without losing efficiency on the adsorption. The results of this study suggest that MNPs and FGs appear as versatile and promising materials that may be considered as valid alternatives to the actual tools for the remediation of real water samples.