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Characterization and adsorption capacity of potassium permanganate used to modify activated carbon filter media for indoor formaldehyde removal

Hu, Shih-Cheng, Chen, Ying-Chen, Lin, Xin-Zhi, Shiue, Angus, Huang, Po-Hua, Chen, Yen-Che, Chang, Shu-Mei, Tseng, Chao-Heng, Zhou, Bin
Environmental science and pollution research international 2018 v.25 no.28 pp. 28525-28545
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, acidification, activated carbon, adsorption, coconuts, energy, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, formaldehyde, kinetics, models, moieties, porosity, potassium permanganate, scanning electron microscopy, sorption isotherms, surface area
This study examined the effect of potassium permanganate (KMnO₄)-modified activated carbon for formaldehyde removal under different face velocities and different initial formaldehyde concentrations in building environment. We chose the coconut shell activated carbon due to their high density and purity. Moreover, they have a clear environmental advantage over coal-based carbons, particularly in terms of acidification potential. The chemical properties were characterized by FTIR to show the functional groups, EDS to calculate each component of their energy bands to know how the ratio is. Also, the morphology of the surface was examined with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The BET determines specific surface area, pore size, and pore volume. It was found that where the initial formaldehyde concentration and the face velocity are low, adsorption capacity is high. The adsorption isotherms of formaldehyde on modified activated carbon are well fitted by both Langmuir and Freundlich equations. The rate parameter for the pseudo-first-order model, pseudo-second-order model, and intraparticle diffusion model was compared. The correlation coefficient of pseudo-second-order kinetic model (0.999 > R² > 0.9548) is higher than the coefficient of pseudo-first-order kinetic model (0.5785 < R² < 0.8755) and intraparticle diffusion model (0.9752 < R² < 0.9898). Thus, pseudo-second-order kinetic model is more apposite to discuss the adsorption kinetic in this test, and the overall rate of the modified activated carbon adsorption process appears to be influenced by more than one step that is both the intraparticle diffusion model and membrane diffusion.