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Absorption, translocation, and detoxification of Cd in two different castor bean (Ricinus communis L.) cultivars

Ye, Wenling, Guo, Guifeng, Wu, Fan, Fan, Ting, Lu, Hongjuan, Chen, Haiyan, Li, Xuede, Ma, Youhua
Environmental science and pollution research international 2018 v.25 no.29 pp. 28899-28906
Ricinus communis, absorption, cadmium, castor beans, chelation, cultivars, glutathione, heavy metals, hydroponics, leaves, phloem, phytoremediation, phytotoxicity, pollutants, polluted soils, shoots, thiols, transportation, xylem
Cadmium (Cd) is considered to be the most phytotoxic heavy metal pollutant. The selection of castor bean cultivars with Cd tolerance and the exploration of the physiological mechanisms involved in Cd tolerance are critical steps for improving phytoremediation performance. In this study, a hydroponic experiment was used to investigate variations in Cd transportation, chelation, and subcellular distribution in two different castor bean cultivars, namely JX-22 and ZB-9. Both cultivars had high tolerance index scores, indicating that both cultivars were tolerant to Cd. The findings of the present study indicate that Cd is significantly more mobile in JX-22 than in ZB-9 during xylem and phloem transportation, resulting in the accumulation of Cd in the shoots of JX-22 was 7.67 times that in ZB-9. Subcellular distribution assessment verified that more Cd was bound to the biologically detoxified metal fractions than the metal sensitive fractions in JX-22. The contents of the non-protein thiol pool and glutathione in the leaves were higher in JX-22 than ZB-9 when exposed to Cd. These results indicate that JX-22 has a greater ability to accumulate Cd, and well-coordinated physiological changes in JX-22 afford greater Cd tolerance in comparison to ZB-9 under Cd exposure, indicating that JX-22 is suitable for use in the remediation of Cd-contaminated soils.